Factors Affecting Motivation and Employee Performance Among Nigerian Universities Academic Staff

Sunday Alewo Omale1, Stephen Sunday Ojo2, Mohammed Gaddafi Ibrahim3,             Sunday Ojochenemi Yusufu4

1Faculty of Management and Social Sciences, Department of Business Administration, Federal University Gashua, Yobe State.

2Faculty of Management and Social Sciences, Department of Sociology, Federal University Gashua, Yobe State.

3Faculty of Management Sciences, Department of Entrepreneurship and Business Management, National Open University of Nigeria FCT-Abuja.

4Faculty of Management Sciences, Department of Business Administration, Prince Abubakar Audu University Anyigba, Kogi State Nigeria.

Correspondence: [email protected]

Received: March 10, 2023         Revised: June 14, 2023     Published: August, 2023


Objective: This study’s main goal was to determine the elements that influence academic staff members in Nigerian universities’ levels of enthusiasm and productivity.

Research Design: To provide insightful analysis, a quantitative study design was adopted. By means of the convenience sampling method, 8,500 members of the academic staff who had been hand-selected received questionnaires. Regression analysis and SPSS version 20 were used for the statistical analysis.

Findings/Conclusion: The study’s conclusions demonstrated that there is a very tenuous and unfavorable correlation between academic staff performance and lucid desire. This means that if government interest in such a wish decreases, academic staff performance will also do the same. Second, the reason for Nigeria’s lagging economic development is due to inadequate working conditions and a wage rate that is not sufficiently comparable and competitive. Thus, accumulating more evidence of inadequate government support for education. We therefore, concluded that poor organizational performance would follow from failing to address motivational and behavioral issues.

Research Implications and Recommendations: By increasing knowledge about factors affecting motivation and thereby expanding the body of literature on this topic, the study has proven that an organization’s behavioral attitudes about performance play a role in performance of their employees and organization in general. It follows that government initiatives to encourage employees’ commitment to organizational tasks would therefore be beneficial. One of the policy approaches suggested to foster employee commitment is an increase in the educational budget in line with worldwide standards.

Practical Implications: This study can help practitioners and higher authorities at universities improve performance by ensuring people are happy in their jobs. Employees who are motivated are more likely to contribute to the business by working together and using their knowledge to increase both quality and productivity. The results of the study will help university officials create HR procedures that support a productive workforce.

Contribution and Value Added: The study has shown the relevance and use of the need’s theory of motivation in the context of employee performance by proving its capacity to forecast organizational success.


Keywords: Factors of motivation; Lucid desire, Compulsive desire; Academic & Employee’s performance.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.23918/ejmss.V4i1p28


Omale, S. A., Ojo, S. S., Ibrahim, M. G., & Yusufu, S. O. (2023). Factors affecting motivation and employee performance among Nigerian universities academic staff. Eurasian Journal of Management & Social Sciences, 4(1). https://doi.org/10.23918/ejmss.V4i1p28

© Omale, S. A., Ojo, S. S., Ibrahim, M. G., & Yusufu, S. O., Published by EJMSS. This article is published under the Attribution-NonCommercial 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC 2.0) license. Anyone may copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format, subject to full attribution to the original publication and authors. The full terms of this license may be seen at https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.0/


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