The Russia-Ukraine War: Shaking the Foundation of the Global System

Dana Mohammed Danish Aladdin Sajadi

International Relations and Diplomacy Department, Faculty of Administrative Sciences and Economics, Tishk International University
Erbil Kurdistan Region, Iraq

Correspondence: [email protected]

Received: September 20, 2022 | Revised: October 20, 2022 | Published: November 10, 2022

Abstract

After several months of posturing, the Russian army was stationed on the Ukrainian border, and the Kremlin denying any intention to invade or attack Ukraine, and the west kept escalating the situation. The world experienced a crucial moment on the 24th of February; when Russian President, Vladimir Putin announced a special military operation against Ukraine. Since the eruption of the war, it has continued until this moment without cessation of hostilities or its stoppage, as diplomatic efforts have thus far failed to bring an end to it. Several global actors were involved in this crisis and the outcome of this war is going to have a major impact on the entire globe. This paper examines who is responsible for this crisis and the implications of it for the International System, politically and economically. The paper, through the qualitative research framework, particularly document analysis and thematic analysis, secondary data were collected from academic works relevant to the paper, which were logically and thematically analyzed. The findings include disruption to the relative stability of the international system, changing global and regional geopolitical calculations and slower global economic growth and development. The paper recommends that urgent steps and strategies should be taken by the international community, especially the most influential state and non-state actors to bring a swift end to the ongoing Russia-Ukraine war.

Keywords: Russia, Ukraine, NATO, War, United States, European Union


Download the PDF Document

DOI: https://doi.org/10.23918/ejmss.V3i3p34


Citation

Sajadi, D. M. D. (2022). The Russia-Ukraine War: Shaking the Foundation of the Global System. Eurasian Journal of Management & Social Sciences, 3(3), 34-47. https://doi.org/10.23918/ejmss.V3i3p34


© Sajadi, D. M. D. Published by EJMSS. This article is published under the Attribution-NonCommercial 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC 2.0) license. Anyone may copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format, subject to full attribution to the original publication and authors. The full terms of this license may be seen at https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.0/


References

Abnett, K. (2022, June 01). Brent tops $124 as European Union to ban 90% of Russia oil by year-end Retrieved from Business Standard: https://www.business-standard.com/article/international/brent-tops-124-as-european-union-to-ban-90-of-russia-oil-by-year-end 122060100051_1.html#:~:text=In%20total%2C%20the%20embargo%20aims,they%20have%20pledged%20to%20do.

Aizhu, C. (2022, July 06). China May oil imports from Russia soar to a record, surpass top supplier Saudi. Retrieved from Reuters:     https://www.reuters.com/markets/commodities/chinas-may-oil-imports-russia soar-55-record-surpass-saudi-supply-2022-06-20/

Alexandra Brzozowski, S. M. (2022, March 01). Poland ‘key’ in Western weapons supplies to Ukraine. Retrieved from EUROACTIV: https://www.euractiv.com/section/politics/short_news/poland-key-in-western-weapons-supplies-to-ukraine/

Aljazeera. (2022, July 11). Nord Stream 1 pipeline shuts down amid German suspicion of Russia. Retrieved from Aljazeera: https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2022/7/11/gas-pipeline-shutdown-starts-amid-german-suspicion-of-russia

Andrew Osborn, P. N. (2022, february 24). Russia’s Putin authorises ‘special military operation’ against Ukraine. Retrieved from Rueters : https://www.reuters.com/world/europe/russias-putin-authorises-military-operations-donbass-domestic-media-2022-02-24/

Banila, N. (2022, June 10). Romania to allow firms controlled by sanctioned Russian entities to function under state supervision. Retrieved from Seenews: https://seenews.com/news/romania-to-allow-firms-controlled-by-sanctioned-russian-entities-to-function-under-state-supervision-787748

Biden to send another $1 billion in military aid to Ukraine. (2022, July 15). Retrieved from CNBC: https://www.cnbc.com/2022/06/15/biden-to-send-another-1-billion-in-military-aid-to-ukraine-.html

Commission, E. (2022, May 18). REPowerEU: affordable, secure and sustainable energy for Europe. Retrieved from European Commission : https://ec.europa.eu/info/strategy/priorities-2019-2024/european-green-deal/repowereu-affordable-secure-and-sustainable-energy-europe_en

Cox, C. (2022, March 09). OnPolitics: Zelenskyy urges no-fly zones over Ukraine. Retrieved from USA today : https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2022/03/09/ukraine-zelenskyy-no-fly-zones-russia/9442895002/

Davide Ghiglione, P. K. (2022, July 14). Italian PM Mario Draghi offers resignation after coalition falls apart. Retrieved from BBC: https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-62171284

Executive, T. M. (2022, July 03). Russia Moves to Nationalize Sakhalin-2 Offshore Oil and Gas Project. Retrieved from The Maritime Executive: https://maritime-executive.com/article/russia-moves-to-nationalize-sakhalin-2-offshore-oil-and-gas-project#:~:text=Russia%20Moves%20to%20Nationalize%20Sakhalin%2D2%20Offshore%20Oil%20and%20Gas%20Project,-File%20image%20courtesy&text=Russian%20President%20

Geneva. (2022, june 03). At 100 Days, Russia-Ukraine War by the Numbers. Retrieved from Voice of America (VOA): https://www.voanews.com/a/at-100-days-russia-ukraine-war-by-the-numbers/6601899.html

Grant, T. D. (2017). Annexation of Crimea. American Journal of International Law, 68-95.

Horowitz, J. (2022, July 2022). A crucial Russian gas pipeline has been shut for repairs. Will it ever reopen? Retrieved from CNN business: https://edition.cnn.com/2022/07/11/business/nord-stream-1-europe-gas/index.html

Hyman, H. (1972). Secondary Analysis of Sample Survey.

India, p. T. (2022, June 23). India’s Russian oil imports jump over 50 times since April: Official. Retrieved from Business Standard : https://www.business-standard.com/article/economy-policy/india-s-russian-oil-imports-jump-over-50-times-since-april-official-122062301046_1.html

Isis Almeida, V. D. (2022, June 17). Russia Squeezes Gas Supply to Europe’s Biggest Buyers . Retrieved from Bloomberg: https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2022-06-17/europe-s-top-russian-gas-buyer-is-getting-60-less-than-ordered

Ismail, N. I. (2022, February 23). Russian Markets Reeling, With Ruble at Weakest in Pandemic Era. Retrieved from Bloomberg : https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2022-02-23/russia-markets-reel-from-losses-with-ruble-record-low-in-sights

Kılıç, Z. B. (2022, June 23 ). Europe gas prices rise 60% in two weeks as Russia reduces supply . Retrieved from Anadulo Agency : https://www.aa.com.tr/en/economy/europe-gas-prices-rise-60-in-two-weeks-as-russia-reduces-supply/2620951#:~:text=The%20price%20of%20natural%20gas,decreasing%20due%20to%20technical%20issues.

King, J. (2022, June 03). Hungary blocks EU sanctions and defends Russian Patriarch. Retrieved from CGTN: https://newseu.cgtn.com/news/2022-06-03/Hungary-blocks-EU-Russia-sanctions-over-Putin-s-Patriarch-1axPiDEvQ7m/index.html

Kirby, P. (2022, May 09). Why has Russia invaded Ukraine and what does Putin want? Retrieved from BBC: https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-56720589

Kolaczkowski, M. (2022, March 04). How does the war in Ukraine affect oil prices? Retrieved from World Economic Forum: https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2022/03/how-does-the-war-in-ukraine-affect-oil-prices/#:~:text=On%2024%20February%202022%20Russia,to%20over%20%24110%20per%20barrel.

Lozovsky, I. (2022, march 6). What Russian Officials Think of the Invasion of Ukraine. Retrieved from A sip of Freedom : https://ilyalozovsky.substack.com/p/what-russian-officials-think-of-the

Masters, J. (2022, February 04). How Do the Militaries of Russia and Ukraine Stack Up? Retrieved from Council on Foreign Relations : https://www.cfr.org/in-brief/how-do-militaries-russia-and-ukraine-stack

Melissa Eddy, S. R. (2022, June 23). ‘We are in a gas crisis.’ Germany raises emergency level. Retrieved from the new york times: https://www.nytimes.com/2022/06/23/business/germany-russia-gas-emergency.html#:~:text=%E2%80%9CEven%20if%20you%20don’t,big%20burden%20for%20many%20consumers.%E2%80%9D

Meredith, S. (2022, July 07). UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson resigns. Retrieved from CNBC: https://www.cnbc.com/2022/07/07/boris-johnson-resigns-as-uk-prime-minister.html

Milburn, A. (2022, May 20). THE UNITED STATES IS SENDING BILLIONS IN MILITARY AID TO UKRAINE—JUST NOT THE SYSTEMS IT NEEDS. Retrieved from Modern War Institute at west point: https://mwi.usma.edu/the-united-states-is-sending-billions-in-military-aid-to-ukraine-just-not-the-systems-it-needs/

Peseckyte, G. (2022, July 15). Estonia’s prime minister resigns in push for new government. Retrieved from Euractiv : https://www.euractiv.com/section/politics/short_news/estonias-prime-minister-resigns-in-push-for-new-government/

Releases, S. a. (2022, March 08). FACT SHEET: United States Bans Imports of Russian Oil, Liquefied Natural Gas, and Coal. Retrieved from The White House: https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefing-room/statements-releases/2022/03/08/fact-sheet-united-states-bans-imports-of-russian-oil-liquefied-natural-gas-and-coal/

Rühl, C. (2022, June 20). Global Economy and Energy Markets Weekly Commentary – 19th Jun ‘22. Retrieved from Crystol Energy: https://www.crystolenergy.com/media_posts/global-economy-and-energy-markets-weekly-commentary-19th-jun-22/

SE, A. (2022, May 23). European food inflation: and the loser is the consumer. Retrieved from Allianz: https://www.allianz.com/en/economic_research/publications/specials_fmo/food-prices-inflation.html#:~:text=Eurozone%20food%20and%20beverage%20producers,and%20pasta%20(%2B19%25).

Service, E. R. (2022, June 02). Agricultural Markets in Russia and Ukraine. Retrieved from U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE: https://www.ers.usda.gov/newsroom/trending-topics/agricultural-markets-in-russia-and-ukraine/

Skolnik, J. (2022, February 24). Biden promises punishing sanctions on Russia, stops short of Putin. Retrieved from Salon: https://www.salon.com/2022/02/24/biden-promises-punishing-sanctions-on-russia-stops-short-of-putin/

Toosi, N. (2022, February 23). The line Biden won’t cross on Ukraine. Retrieved from POLITICO: https://www.politico.com/news/2022/02/23/biden-troops-russia-ukraine-00011049

Twidale, S. (2022, June 17). Explainer: Why Russia drives European and British gas prices. Retrieved from Reuters: https://www.reuters.com/business/energy/why-russia-drives-european-gas-prices-2022-01-21/

Union, C. o. (2022, June 28). EU sanctions against Russia explained. Retrieved from European Council Council of the European Union : https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/policies/sanctions/restrictive-measures-against-russia-over-ukraine/sanctions-against-russia-explained/

Vartanian, T. P. (2011). Secondary Data Analysis. Oxford University Press.

Wadhams, N. (2022, March 07). Retrieved from https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2022-03-07/russia-surges-past-iran-to-become-world-s-most-sanctioned-nation

Wadhams, N. (2022, March 07 ). Russia Is Now the World’s Most-Sanctioned Nation. Retrieved from Bloomberg: https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2022-03-07/russia-surges-past-iran-to-become-world-s-most-sanctioned-nation.

Hits: 26