The Role of Green Human Resources Management in Achieving Organizational Sustainability an Analytical Study of The Opinions of Administrative Leaders In A Sample of Oil and Gas Producing Companies in The Kurdistan Region of Iraq
Beston Muhammed Qadir1, Range M. Nori2 and Daroon Faridun Abdulla3
1Department of Oil, Gas and Energy Management, College of Business, Charmo University Chamchamal, Sulaymaniyah, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
2Department of Banking & Financial Sciences – College of Administration and Economics University of Zakho, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
3Department of Business Management, College of Administration and Economics
University of Sulaymaniyah, Sulaymaniyah, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
Correspondence: [email protected]
Received: September 28, 2022 | Revised: October 20, 2022 | Published: November 10, 2022
The aim of the study is to determine the role of Green Human Resources Management through (green recruitment and selection, green training and development, green performance management, green rewards and compensation, green Orientation and green health and safety management) in achieving Organizational Sustainability by its dimension (Economic, Social, Environmental and Ethical) in Oil and Gas producer Companies in Kurdistan Region of Iraq. The research problem is to determine many questions about the nature of the correlation and regression between the variables of the research. The main question of the research is to seek information about determining the level of the variables of the current study as well as determining the role of GHRM in achieving organizational sustainability in the field of oil and gas management in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq. The descriptive analytical approach was adopted in describing the study’s variables and dimensions and then analyzed the relationship between the independent variable (Green Human Resources Management) and the dependent variable (Organizational Sustainability). The research is being conducted on oil and gas production companies that work in KRG, as well as the oil and gas fields in which production continues and under the authority of the Kurdistan Regional Government become part of the research.
Keywords: Green Human Resources Management, Organizational Sustainability, Oil and Gas Producing Companies, Kurdistan Region of Iraq
Download the PDF Document
Qadir, B. M., Nori, R. M., & Abdulla, D. F. (2022). The Role of Green Human Resources Management in Achieving Organizational Sustainability an Analytical Study of The Opinions of Administrative Leaders. Eurasian Journal of Management & Social Sciences, 3(3), 1-21. https://doi.org/10.23918/ejmss.V3i3p1
© Qadir, B. M., Nori, R. M., & Abdulla, D. F., Published by EJMSS. This article is published under the Attribution-NonCommercial 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC 2.0) license. Anyone may copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format, subject to full attribution to the original publication and authors. The full terms of this license may be seen at https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.0/
Abdulla, D. F., Mahmood, O. K., & FATAH, A. O. (2019). An Evaluation of Summer Internship Program at KRG Universities: Students’ perspective. ProEnvironment Promediu, 12(39).
Ahmed, M., Guo, Q., Qureshi, M. A., Raza, S. A., Khan, K. A., & Salam, J. (2021). Do green HR practices enhance green motivation and proactive environmental management maturity in the hotel industry? International Journal of Hospitality Management, 94, 102852.
Al-Kulabi, A. N., Abdulla, D. F., & Mohamad, P. S. (2019). Enhancing strategic positioning through marketing engineering in the tourism sector in Najaf city-Iraq. Journal of Environmental Treatment Techniques, 7(4), 774-779.
Amrutha, V. N., & Geetha, S. N. (2020). A systematic review on green human resource management: Implications for social sustainability. Journal of Cleaner Production, 247, 119131.
Armstrong, M. (2006). A handbook of human resource management practice. Kogan Page Publishers.
Arulrajah, A. A., & Opatha, H. H. D. N. P. (2016). Analytical and theoretical perspectives on green human resource management: A simplified underpinning.
Arulrajah, A. A., Opatha, H. H. D. N. P., & Nawaratne, N. N. J. (2016). Employee green performance of job: a systematic attempt towards measurement. Sri Lankan Journal of Human Resource Management, 6(1).
Arulrajah, A. A., Opatha, H. H. D. N. P., & Nawaratne, N. N. J. (2015). Green human resource management practices: A review.
Bombiak, E., & Marciniuk-Kluska, A. (2018). Green human resource management as a tool for the sustainable development of enterprises: Polish young company
experience. Sustainability, 10(6), 1739.
Caradonna, J. L. (2014). Sustainability: A history. Oxford University Press.
CIPD (2012), Responsible and Sustainable Business: HR Leading the Way – A Collection of ‘Thought Pieces,’ Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development, London
Faraj, KM, Faeq, DK, Abdulla, DF, Ali, BJ, & Sadq, ZM (2021). Total Quality Management and Hotel Employee Creative Performance: The Mediation Role of Job Embeddedment. Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and
Government, 27(1), 3838-3855.
Freitas, W. R. D. S., Caldeira-Oliveira, J. H., Teixeira, A. A., Stefanelli, N. O., & Teixeira, T. B. (2020). Green human resource management and corporate social responsibility: Evidence from Brazilian firms. Benchmarking: An International Journal, 27(4), 1551-1569.
Hosain, S., & Rahman, M. D. (2016). Green human resource management: A theoretical overview. IOSR Journal of Business and Management (IOSR-JBM) Volume, 18.
Koshesh, O. S., & Jafari, H. R. (2019). The environmental strategic analysis of oil & gas industries in the Kurdistan Region using PESTLE, SWOT and FDEMATEL. Pollution, 5(3), 537-554.
Kristensen, H. S., & Mosgaard, M. A. (2020). A review of micro level indicators for a circular economy–moving away from the three dimensions of sustainability? Journal of Cleaner Production, 243, 118531.
Malik, S. Y., Hayat Mughal, Y., Azam, T., Cao, Y., Wan, Z., Zhu, H., & Thurasamy, R.
(2021). Corporate social responsibility, green human resources management, and
sustainable performance: is organizational citizenship behavior towards environment the missing link? Sustainability, 13(3), 1044.
Marques, A. C., Fuinhas, J. A., & Pais, D. F. (2018). Economic growth, sustainable
development and food consumption: Evidence across different income groups of
countries. Journal of Cleaner Production, 196, 245-258.
Martínez-Ferrero, J., Lozano, M. B., & Vivas, M. (2021). The impact of board cultural diversity on a firm’s commitment toward the sustainability issues of emerging countries: The mediating effect of a CSR committee. Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, 28(2), 675-685.
Mashala, Y. L. (2018). Green human resource management and environmental sustainability in Tanzania: A review and research agenda. International Journal of Academic Multidisciplinary Research, 2(12), 60-68.
Opatha, H. H. D. N. P. (2019). Sustainable human resource management. Sri Lanka: Author.
Opatha, H. H. D. N. P. and Anton Arulrajah, A. (2014). “Green Human Resource Management: Simplified General Reflections”.International Business Research, Vol. 7, No. 8, pp. 101-112. Oxford English Mini Dictionary (2007). 7thedi, Oxford: Oxford University Press
Opatha, H. H. D. N. P., & Hewapathirana, R. A. (2019). Defining green and green human resource management: A conceptual study.
Opatha, HHDNP & Hewapathirana, RA (2019). Defining Green and Green Human Resource Management: A Conceptual Study. International Journal of Arts and Commerce, 8(5), 1-10.
Opatha, H. H. D. P. J., & Kottawatta, H. (2020). Green HRM and Environmental (Green) Attitude: Do Green HRM Practices of Sri Lankan Tiles Industry Affect to Determine the Environmental (Green) Attitudes of the Employees. International Journal of Management Excellence, 15(2), 2207-2219.
Østergaard, P. A., Duic, N., Noorollahi, Y., Mikulcic, H., & Kalogirou, S. (2020). Sustainable development using renewable energy technology. Renewable Energy, 146, 2430-2437.
Paulet, R., Holland, P., & Morgan, D. (2021). A meta‐review of 10 years of green human resource management: is Green HRM headed towards a roadblock or a
revitalization? Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources, 59(2), 159-183.
Qadir, B. M., Mohammed, H. O., & Majeed, H. L. (2021). Evaluating the Petroleum Contracts of Kurdistan Region in the Surveying and Applying the Deloitte Data (A Comparative Review). International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding, 8(7), 236-244.
Qian, H., Xu, S., Cao, J., Ren, F., Wei, W., Meng, J., & Wu, L. (2021). Air pollution reduction and climate co-benefits in China’s industries. Nature Sustainability, 4(5), 417-425.
Rani, S., & Mishra, K. (2014). Green HRM: Practices and strategic implementation in the organizations. International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication, 2(11), 3633-3639.
Roscoe, S., Subramanian, N., Jabbour, C. J., & Chong, T. (2019). Green human resource management and the enablers of green organizational culture: Enhancing a firm’s environmental performance for sustainable development. Business Strategy and the Environment, 28(5), 737-749.
Saeed, B. B., Afsar, B., Hafeez, S., Khan, I., Tahir, M., & Afridi, M. A. (2019). Promoting employee’s proenvironmental behavior through green human resource management practices. Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, 26(2), 424-438.
Saka, N., Olanipekun, A. O., & Omotayo, T. (2021). Reward and compensation incentives for enhancing green building construction. Environmental and Sustainability Indicators, 11, 100138.
Saleh, M. Q., Hamad, Z. A., & Hama, J. R. (2021). Assessment of some heavy metals in crude oil workers from Kurdistan Region, northern Iraq. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 193(1), 1-8.
Shoaib, M., Zámečník, R., Abbas, Z., Javed, M., & Rehman, A. U. (2021, May). Green human resource management and green human capital: a systematic literature review. In Contemporary issues in business, management, and economics engineering. Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference in Vilnius, Lithuania (pp. 1-10).
Yusliza, M. Y., Norazmi, N. A., Jabbour, C. J. C., Fernando, Y., Fawehinmi, O., & Seles, B.
M. R. P. (2019). Top management commitment, corporate social responsibility and
green human resource management: A Malaysian study. Benchmarking: An International Journal.
Zhu, Q., Li, X., Li, F., Wu, J., & Zhou, D. (2020). Energy and environmental efficiency of China’s transportation sectors under the constraints of energy consumption and environmental pollutions. Energy Economics, 89, 104817