The Impact of Corporate Culture and Work Ethics on Organizational Innovation in Higher Education Institutions in Sulaymaniyah Sulaymaniyah Polytechnic University as an Example

Talar Jalal Karim1, Faraidun Faizulla Aziz2 and Diyar Muhammed Sidiq Abdalla3

1,2,3 Sulaymaniyah Polytechnic University, Technical College of Administration
Public Relations & Marketing Technique Department, Sulaymaniyah, Kurdistan Region, Iraq

Corresponding author: [email protected], [email protected], [email protected]

Received: September 28, 2022 | Revised: October 26, 2022 | Published: November 10, 2022


This study explores the origins of corporate culture and work ethics and offers definitions and types of innovation. It also proposes a conceptual framework to show how corporate culture, work ethics, and organizational innovation are correlated. The study then adds hypotheses regarding corporate and ethical values and innovation. In total, 130 Sulaimani Polytechnic University employees participated in the survey and the collected data were analyzed to test the proposed research hypotheses. It concludes that in service corporations, a higher education institution in this context, organizational innovation can be positively affected by corporate culture and work ethics.

Keywords: Organizational Innovation, Corporate Culture, Work Ethics


Download the PDF Document



Karim, T. J., Aziz, F. F., & Sidiq Abdalla, D. M. (2022). The Impact of Corporate Culture and Work Ethics on Organizational Innovation in Higher Education Institutions in Sulaymaniyah, Sulaymaniyah Polytechnic University as an Example. Eurasian Journal of Management & Social Sciences, 3(3), 48-64.

© Saleem, O. F., & Sherwani, K. H.  Published by EJMSS. This article is published under the Attribution-NonCommercial 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC 2.0) license. Anyone may copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format, subject to full attribution to the original publication and authors. The full terms of this license may be seen at


Abbasi, A. S., Ghulam, M. M., & Muzammil, H. (2012). Islamic work ethics: How they affect organizational learning, innovation and performance. Actual Problems of Economics, 138(12), 471-280.

Ahmed, P. (1998), “Culture and climate for innovation”, European Journal of Innovation Management, Vol. 1 No. 1, pp. 30-43.

Au-Yong-Oliveira, M., Almeida, M., Mendes, F., & van Geenhuizen, M. (2018). Reshaping Society with Open Innovation – The Seeding of a New Open and Innovative Mindset. European Conference on Innovation and Entrepreneurship, 68.

Awan, K. Z., & Akram, M. (2012). The relationship between Islamic work ethics and innovation capability and knowledge sharing plays moderation role. International Journal of Economics and Management Sciences, 1(8), 34-48.

Beekun, R. (1997). Islamic Business Ethics. International Institute of Islamic thought, Herndon, Virginia, U.S.A.

Belias Dimitrios, A. K. (2014). Organizational Culture and Job Satisfaction: A Review. International Review of Management and Marketing.

Büschgens, T., Bausch, A., & Balkin, D. (2013). Organizational culture and innovation: A meta-analytic review. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 30(4), 1-19. 10.1111/jpim.12021

Cameron, K.S., Quinn, R.E. (2006). Diagnosing and Changing Organizational Culture Based on the Competing Values Framework. The Jossey-Bass Business & Management Series.

Carmeli, A. (2005), “The relationship between organizational culture and withdrawal intentions and behavior”, International Journal of Manpower, Vol. 26 No. 2, pp. 177-95.

Damanpour, F. (1987), “The adoption of technological, administrative, and ancillary innovations: impact of organizational factors”, Journal of Management, Vol. 13, pp. 675-88.

Damanpour, F. (1996), “Organizational complexity and innovation: developing and testing multiple contingency models”, Management Science, Vol. 42 No. 5, pp. 693-715.

Damanpour, F., & Gopalakrishnan, S. (2001). The dynamics of the adoption of products and process innovations in organizations. Journal of Management Studies, 38, 45-65.

Drucker, P. (1985). The discipline of innovation. Harvard Business

Ekvall, G. (1996), “Organizational climate for creativity and innovation”, European Journal of Work and Occupational Psychology, Vol. 5 No. 1, pp. 105-23.

Goke, N. O. (2015); Management theory and application; Ibadan; University Press.

Hartmann, A. (2006), “The role of organizational culture in motivating innovative behaviour in construction firms”, Construction Innovation, Vol. 6 No. 3, pp. 159-72.

Jalil, A., Azam, F. & Rahman, M. K. (2010). Implementation mechanism of ethics in business organizations. International Business Research, 3(4), 45-151.

Julia C. Naranjo-Valencia, D. J.‐J. (2011). Innovation or imitation? The role of organizational culture. Management Decision.

Julia C. Naranjo-Valenciaa, D. J.-J.-V. (2016). Studying the links between organizational culture, innovation, and performance in Spanish companies. Revista Latinoamericana de Psicología (2016) 48, 30-41.

Julie D. (2016). Organizational Culture and employee performance: Small business.

Koc, T., & Ceylan, C. (2007). Factors impacting the innovative capacity in large-scale companies. Technovation, 27(3), 105-114.

Luthans, F. (2002). Organizational behaviour. Boston: McGraw-Hill.

Mahdavi, Iraj. (2003). Ethical Growth: Do business Ethical Attitudes mature as individuals Get Older?

Marri,M.,Sadozai, A., Zaman, H., Rami,M. (2012). The Impact of Islamic Work Ethics on Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment: A Study of Agriculture Sector of Pakistan. International Journal of Business and Behavioral Sciences Vol. 2, No.12.

Martins, E., & Terblanche, F. (2003). Building organizational culture that stimulates creativity and innovation. European Journal of Innovation Management, 6(1), 64-74.

Mavondo, F.T., Chimhanzi, J. and Stewart, J. (2005), “Learning orientation and market orientation: relationship with innovation, human resource practices and performance”, European Journal of Marketing, Vol. 39 Nos 11/12, pp. 1235-63.

McLean, L. (2005), “Organizational culture’s influence on creativity and innovation: a review of the literature and implications for human resource development”, Advances in Developing Human Resources, Vol. 7 No. 2, pp. 226-46.

Mohamed, N., Karim, N. S. A., & Hussein, R. (2010). Linking Islamic work ethic to computer use ethics, job satisfaction and Organizational commitment in Malaysia. Journal of Business Systems, Governance and Ethics, 5(1), 13-23.

Morf, D. A., Schumacher, M. G., and Vitell, S. J. (1999) “A Survey of Ethics Officers in Large Organizations”, Journal of Business Ethics, 20, 265-271

Mumford, M.D. (2000), “Managing creative people: strategies and tactics for innovation”, Human Resource Management Review, Vol. 10 No. 3, pp. 313-51.

Needle, A. (2004); Business in Context; An introduction; Business and IFS Environment: ISBN 978-ISE529923.

Neely, A., & Hii, J. (1998). Innovation and business performance: A literature review. The judge institute of management studies university of Cambridge, Retrieved from

OECD, & EUROSTAT. (2005). Guidelines for collecting and interpreting innovation data – Oslo manual (3rd ed.). Paris: Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development and Statistical Office of the European Communities.

Phan, T. T. (2019). Does organizational innovation always lead to better performance? A study of firms in Vietnam. Journal of Economics and Development Vol. 21 No. 1, 2019 pp. 71-82 Emerald Publishing Limited, 21.

Prajogo, D., & McDermott, C. (2011). The relationship between multidimensional organizational culture and performance. International Journal of Operations & Production Management. Proceedings of the International Business Association, Conference, 2003. Review, 63(3), 67-72.

Salman Habib, S. A. (2014). The Impact of Organizational Culture on Job Satisfaction, Employee Commitment and Turnover Intention. Advances in Economics and Business 2(6): 215-222, 2014 DOI: 10.13189/aeb.2014.020601.

Sapada, A., Modding H. B., Nujum, S. (2017). The effect of organizational culture and work ethics on job satisfaction and employees performance. The International Journal of Engineering and Science (IJES) || Volume || 6 || Issue || 12 || Pages || PP 28-36 || 2017 || ISSN (e): 2319 – 1813 ISSN (p): 2319 – 1805.

Szczepańska, K. (2014). THE IMPORTANCE Of ORGANIZATIONAl CUlTURE FOR INNOVATION IN THE COMPANY. Forum Scientiae Oeconomia Volume 2 (2014) No.3.

Terziovski, M. (2007). Building innovation capability in organizations: An international cross-case perspective. Imperial College Press, London.

Wahibur, R. (2010). The Effect of Islamic Work Ethics on Work Outcomes. EJBO Electronic Journal of Business Ethics and Organization Studies Vol. 15, No. 1 (2010).

Wahyudi, Amin & Haryono, Tulus & Riani, Asri & Harsono, Mugi. (2013). The Impact of Work Ethics on Performance Using Job Satisfaction and Affective Commitment as Mediating Variables: Evidences from Lecturers in Central Java. Issues In Social and Environmental Accounting. 7. 165. 10.22164/isea.v7i3.108.

Zaiţ, Adriana, and P. S. P. E. Bertea. “Methods for testing discriminant validity.” Management & Marketing Journal 9.2 (2011): 217-224.

Hits: 19